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Exercise I

Give Russian equivalents of the following words and word combinations:

  1. division of ecology

  2. the environmental factors

  3. the levels of the organism

  4. abiotic factors

  5. biotic factors

  6. antropogenic factors


Exercise II

Translate the given phrases into English.

  1. Абиотические факторы включают свет, температуру, влажность, давление.

  2. Уровни организации живых организмов зависят от условий среды

  3. Различают абиотические, биотические и антропогенные факторы.

  4. На окружающую среду влияет антропогенный фактор.


Exercise III

Find in the text English equivalents of the following words and expressions. Translate the sentences which contain them.

1)свет; 2)эврибатные организмы; 3)закон действия экологического фактора Шелфорда; 4)ксенобиотик; 5)растения; 6)животные; 7)микроорганизмы; 8) почва; 9) стенотермный; 10) экологическая валентность; 11) вид.


Exercise IV

Answer these questions.

1 What divisions of ecology do you know?

2.  What division of ecology has a task to study the structure and dynamics of populations of individual species?

3.What is the habitat?


  1. How are Individual properties or elements called?

  2. What is the basic mechanisms of adaptation?

  3. Which are the levels of the organism do you know?

  4. When do the adaptations develop?

  5. Into what groups can we classify the environmental factors?

  6. Which factor is called edaphic?


&&&

$$$007-001-003$3.7.4 Задание по 4-модулю

{Методические указания к выполнению, задание}



Exercise I

Translate the given phrases into Russia

  1. environmental capacity

  2. birth, death, moving in and out of individuals (migration).

  3. Specific intra-species relations

  4. territory,

  5. relations of groups in gender,

  6. morphological, physiological, behavioral, and genetic characteristics

  7. Statistical indicators


Exercise II

Give English equivalents of the following words and word combinations:

1.структура популяции

2. оптимальный размер популяции

3. характеристики популяции

4. виды экологического мониторинга

5. классификация систем мониторинга


Exercise III

Answer these questions.



  1. What from does the population density depend?

  2. What is the maintaining optimal size?

  3. What is the biological potential?

  4. The concept of monitoring and its elements

  5. What is the difference between monitoring of the environment and control?

  6. Classification of monitoring systems

  7. What is the objective of monitoring?

  8. Main tasks of monitoring

  9. What is the effect of living in groups?

  10. What is polymorphism of the population?


Exercise IV

Find in the text English equivalents of the following words and expressions. Translate the sentences which contain them.

1.Statistical indicators; 2. size of the population, 3. Density, 4. performance structure; 5. birth and death ratio; 6. Biomass; 7. homogeneous environment,8. reproduction the type of expansion; 9. prey by predators, 10. impact of parasites on life of hosts, 11. cold winters, 12. dry summer


&&&

$$$007-001-004$3.7.5 Тесты для 1 рубежного контроля
1. Choose the correct answer: атмосфера

{~gidrosphere

~agrosphere

~biosphere

=atmosphere

~microsphere}


2.Choose the correct answer: воздействие на окружающую среду

{~assessment environment

~abuse of fertilizers

~environment

~area environmentally

=affecting environment}


3. Choose the correct answer: химическая безопасность

{= chemical safety

~ chemical explosion

~ chemical control

~ chemical contamination

~ chemical pollution}


4. Choose the correct answer: состав воды

{~makeup of water

~personnel of water

=composition of water

~water

~temper of water}


5.Choose the correct answer: экология – экология

{=ecology

~ecologist

~ecol


~bionomics

~ecological}


6. Choose the correct answer: окружающая среда

{=environment

~climate

~scope


~condition

~ambiance}


7. Choose the correct answer: экологический кризис

{~ecological system

~ecological threat

=ecological crisis

~ecological balance

~ecological risk}


8. Choose the correct answer: ecological offence

{~экологическое качество

=экологическое правонарушение

~экологический ущерб

~экологические требования

~экологические интересы общества}
9. Choose the correct answer: физический взрыв – физикалық жарылыс

{~psychotherapy

~phytotoxicants

~population explosion

~phenomenon

=physical explosions}


10. Choose the correct answer: scale of safety

{~шторм

=шкала безопасности

~море


~пустыня

~осадки}
11. Choose the correct answer: pollution

{~явление

~сосна


=загрязнение

~овраг


~водоём}
12.Choose the correct answer: система экологического обслуживания

{~ecological contract

~ecological science

=ecological services

~ecological equals

~ecological cleanliness}


13. Choose the correct answer: вид

{~see


~look

~watch


=view

~visit}
14.Choose the correct answer: water relation

{~водные ресурсы

~водный объект

~водный режим

=водные отношения

~водозабор}
15. Choose the correct answer : питьевая вода

{~water-supply

~waterfall

=water drinkable

~water quality

~water recourses}


16. Choose the correct answer: загрязнение атмосферного воздуха

{~water pollution

~secondary pollution

~space pollution

~radio contamination

=air pollution}


17. Choose the correct answer: законы «экологии» - «экология» заңдары

{~the act of the “ecology”

~the bill of the “ecology”

~the lex of the “ecology”

~the code of the “ecology”

=the laws of the “ecology”}


18. Choose the correct answer: In what part of our Republic are huge reserves of oil?

{~in the east

~in the north

~in the south

=in the west

~in the center}


19. Choose the correct answer: экологический контроль

{~Environmental Code

~Environmental auditing

=Environmental control

~Environmental monitoring

~Environmental law}


20. Choose the correct answer: нефть

{~petrol


~water

=oil


~butter

~oily}
21.Choose the correct answer: hydrothermal

{~гидросфера

~многоклеточный

=гидротермальный

~азот


~кальций}
22. Choose the correct answer: чистая вода

{~fresh water

=clear water

~dirty water

~dark water

~sweet water}


23. Choose the correct answer: взрывчатое вещество

{=explosive

~explosion

~explode,

~blow up


~burst}
24. Choose the correct answer: высококачественный

{=high quality

~highly skilled

~supercilious

~stilted

~high}
25. Choose the correct answer: водопотребитель

{~water

~water pollution



=water users

~air pollution

~air user}

&&&

$$$007-001-005$3.7.6 Тесты для 2 рубежного контроля

$$$1A


Choose the correct answer: животное

A) animal

B) bird

C) forest



D) adaptation

E) area


$$$2A

Choose the correct answer: адаптация

A) adaptation

B) agroecosistem

C) adsorption

D) agronomy

E) area
$$$3DChoose the correct answer: air

A) вода


B) лес

C) экология

D) воздух

E) горы

$$$4C

Choose the correct answer: состав воды



A) makeup of water

B) personnel of water

C) composition of water

D) water


E) temper of water

$$$5C


Choose the correct answer: grass

A) цветы

B) листья

C) трава

D) ёль

E) дерево

$$$6B

Choose the correct answer: ecological safety



A) шторм

B) экологическая безопасность

C) море

D) пустыня



E) осадки

$$$7C


Choose the correct answer: pollution

A) явление

B) сосна

C) загрязнение

D) овраг

E) водоём

$$$8D

Choose the correct answer: вид



A) see

B) look


C) watch

D) view


E) visit

$$$9D


Choose the correct answer: water relation

A) водные ресурсы

B) водный объект

C) водный режим

D) водные отношения

E) водозабор

$$$10E

Choose the correct answer: законы «экологии»



A) act

B) bill


C) lex

D) code


E) laws
$$$11C

Choose the correct answer : находить, открывать

A) think

B) see


C) find

D) meet with

E) pick up

$$$12B


Choose the correct answer: антропогенные изменения в природе

A) anthropogenic pressures

B) anthropogenic changes in the nature

C) anthropogenic energy

D) anthropogenic succession

E) anthropogenic factor

$$$13A

Choose the correct answer: приспособление экобиотическое



A) adaptation ecobiotic

B) adaptation ecoclimatic

C) affluent

D) action systemic

E) adaptation ecobioticy

$$$14B


Choose the correct answer: Who is coined the term «ecology»:
A) Aristotle

B) Ernest Haeckel

C) Charles Darwin

D) V.I.Vernadsky

E) N.M. Belodedov

$$$15A


Choose the correct answer: What do you call the outer shell of the earth?

A) biosphere

B) hydrosphere

C) atmosphere

D) lithosphere

E) ecosphere

$$$16D

Choose the correct answer: General patterns of organization of life studies:



A) applied ecology

B) industrial ecology

C) social ecology

D) theoretical ecology

E) global ecology
$$$17C

Choose the correct answer: When the environment has taken shape as an independent science?


A) in early 19th century;

B) in the middle of the 19th century;

C)at the end of the nineteenth century;

D) in the early twentieth century;

E) at the end of the twentieth century.

$$$18C


Choose the correct answer: All population occupying this territory is … .

A) biosphere;

B) ecosystem;

C) community;

D) biome;

E) biotope.

$$$19D

Choose the correct answer: For non-periodic factors include:



A) day and night;

B) solar energy;

C) soil and air;

D) tsunami;

E) snow and rain.

$$$20C


Choose the correct answer: System of long-term observation of the environment and the processes occurring in ecosystems and the biosphere, is called:

A) model


B) modification

C) monitoring

D) management

E)prediction

$$$21B

Choose the correct answer: Who coined the term «biosphere» in the scientific literature?

A) V.I. Vernadsky

B) E. Suess

C) Sukachev

D) G.F. Morosov

E) Ernst Heackel

$$$22A


Choose the correct answer: How many reserves in Kazakhstan at this stage?

A) 10


B) 11

C) 7


D) 8

E) 9


$$$23B

Choose the correct answer: Organisms that feed on organic materials are called:

A) autotrophic

B) heterotrophic

C) producers

D) destructors

E) hemotrophamy

$$$24B


Choose the correct answer: That studies sinecologiya?

A) population

B) community

C) an Idividual

D) phytocoenosis

E) zooctnosis

$$$25A

Choose the correct answer: The scope of the mind is:



A) noosphere

B) atmosphere

C) biosphere

D) hydrosphere

E) lithosphere

$$$26B


Choose the correct answer: Which group of organisms is a man?

a) to producers

B) to consumers

C) to the decomposers

D) to saprophytes

E) halophytes

$$$27B

Choose the correct answer: Biotic factors are called:



A) factors inanimate

B) factors of wildlife

C) physical environmental factors

D) the amount of impact that each other living beings

E) the sum of influences that have on each other living beings and physical factors

$$$28A


Choose the correct answer: Living environment of the Earth is:

A) the hydrosphere

B) the lithosphere

C) hydrosphere and lithosphere

D) biosphere

E) atmosphere


$$$29D

Choose the correct answer: 21% of air is:

A) carbon dioxide

B) nitrogen

C) inert gases

D) oxygen

E) hydrogen

$$$30D


Choose the correct answer: Usually able to appear on:

A) forests

B) Antarctica

C) mountains

D) major cities

E) above the rural settlements



&&&

$$$007-001-007$3.7.7 Вопросы к экзамену или примеры экзаменационных тестов

...


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